Helping wine merchants offer aromatic appelations

aromatic wine View larger image

Wine merchants know certain regions are more popular than others - Champagne is an obvious example for sparkling wines, but others, like the Mendoza region of Argentina, are staking their claim to the red wine market too.

The reasons are complex, but in terms of the wine itself, everything from the soil conditions to the hours of sunshine can affect the flavour of the wine produced.

Now scientists in Germany are discovering more about the mechanisms behind this, in an effort to create even more aromatic wines for wine merchants' shop shelves.

The team from Technische Universitaet Muenchen have identified two enzymes that have an effect on grapes' content of terpenes, chemical substances which, in their free form, influence the flavour.

TUM's Professor Wilfried Schwab said: "Terpenes are biochemically altered in the metabolism of plants - usually through the attachment of sugars, or glycosylation.

"In this attached form, however, the terpenes are no longer aroma-active."

With their research, the scientists are learning more about how to influence the content of unattached terpenes.

It's complex research - but the main thing is, it should allow viticulturists to make the most of the opportunities in their region, from the soil to the sky, and stock wine merchants' shelves with ever-more aromatic wines as a result.

(default) 37 queries took 109 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_contacts`14144
2SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'utf8_general_ci';110
3SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_redirects`554
4SELECT `Redirect`.`id`, `Redirect`.`from`, `Redirect`.`to`, `Redirect`.`count`, `Redirect`.`created` FROM `ck_redirects` AS `Redirect` WHERE `Redirect`.`from` = '/news/helping-wine-merchants-offer-aromatic-appelations' LIMIT 1000
5SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_users`11114
6SELECT `Post`.`id`, `Post`.`title`, `Post`.`slug`, `Post`.`introduction`, `Post`.`body`, `Post`.`image_id`, `Post`.`post_date`, `Post`.`meta_title`, `Post`.`meta_description`, `Post`.`meta_keywords`, `Post`.`status`, `Post`.`created`, `Post`.`modified`, `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`gallery_order`, `Image`.`title`, `Image`.`file`, `Image`.`dir`, `Image`.`mimetype`, `Image`.`filesize`, `Image`.`created`, `Image`.`modified` FROM `ck_posts` AS `Post` LEFT JOIN `ck_images` AS `Image` ON (`Post`.`image_id` = `Image`.`id`) WHERE `Post`.`slug` = 'helping-wine-merchants-offer-aromatic-appelations' AND `Post`.`status` = 'active' AND `Post`.`post_date` <= '2019-10-14 07:07:50' AND NOT (`Post`.`slug` = '') ORDER BY `Post`.`post_date` DESC, `Post`.`created` DESC LIMIT 1111
7SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`gallery_order`, `Image`.`title`, `Image`.`file`, `Image`.`dir`, `Image`.`mimetype`, `Image`.`filesize`, `Image`.`created`, `Image`.`modified` FROM `ck_images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`id` = 2612 110
8SELECT `PostComment`.`id`, `PostComment`.`post_id`, `PostComment`.`author_id`, `PostComment`.`user_id`, `PostComment`.`comment`, `PostComment`.`status`, `PostComment`.`ip_address`, `PostComment`.`created`, `PostComment`.`modified` FROM `ck_post_comments` AS `PostComment` WHERE ((`PostComment`.`status` = 'approved') OR (((`PostComment`.`id` IS NULL) AND (`PostComment`.`status` = 'pending')))) AND `PostComment`.`post_id` = (197) 000
9SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_baskets`774
10SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_store_countries`11113
11SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'latin1_swedish_ci';110
12SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_delivery_methods`11113
13SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_store_countries_delivery_methods`333
14SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_basket_products`885
15SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_bottles`553
16SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_product_ratings`993
17SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_store_customers`773
18SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_store_customer_addresses`20203
19SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_grapes`993
20SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_grapes_products`333
21SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_product_types`774
22SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_product_types_products`333
23SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_offers`773
24SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_offers_products`333
25SELECT `Basket`.`id`, `Basket`.`created`, `Basket`.`modified`, `Basket`.`delivery_method_id`, `Basket`.`delivery_country_id`, `Basket`.`delivery`, `Basket`.`subtotal`, (`Basket`.`delivery` + `Basket`.`subtotal`) AS `Basket__total`, `DeliveryCountry`.`id`, `DeliveryCountry`.`key`, `DeliveryCountry`.`iso`, `DeliveryCountry`.`iso3`, `DeliveryCountry`.`order`, `DeliveryCountry`.`country`, `DeliveryCountry`.`billing`, `DeliveryCountry`.`delivery`, `DeliveryCountry`.`status`, `DeliveryCountry`.`modified`, `DeliveryCountry`.`created`, `DeliveryMethod`.`id`, `DeliveryMethod`.`name`, `DeliveryMethod`.`price`, `DeliveryMethod`.`cap`, `DeliveryMethod`.`threshold`, `DeliveryMethod`.`threshold_price`, `DeliveryMethod`.`status`, `DeliveryMethod`.`modified`, `DeliveryMethod`.`created`, `DeliveryMethod`.`order`, `DeliveryMethod`.`code` FROM `ck_baskets` AS `Basket` LEFT JOIN `ck_store_countries` AS `DeliveryCountry` ON (`Basket`.`delivery_country_id` = `DeliveryCountry`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `ck_delivery_methods` AS `DeliveryMethod` ON (`Basket`.`delivery_method_id` = `DeliveryMethod`.`id`) WHERE `Basket`.`id` IS NULL LIMIT 1000
26SELECT `Region`.`name`, `Region`.`slug`, `Region`.`parent_id`, `Region`.`id`, `Region`.`modified`, `Region`.`created` FROM `ck_regions` AS `Region` WHERE `Region`.`status` = 'active' AND NOT (`Region`.`slug` = '') ORDER BY `Region`.`order` ASC 1211210
27SELECT `Product`.`id`, `Product`.`name`, `Product`.`description`, `Product`.`vintage`, `Product`.`region_id`, `Product`.`producer_id`, `Product`.`style_id`, `Product`.`bottle_id`, `Product`.`image_id`, `Product`.`bid`, `Product`.`best_seller`, `Product`.`created`, `Product`.`modified`, `Product`.`status`, `Product`.`slug`, `Product`.`meta_title`, `Product`.`meta_description`, `Product`.`meta_keywords`, `Product`.`stock`, `Product`.`stock_description`, `Product`.`original_id`, (`Product`.`price`) AS `Product__original_price`, (LEAST(IFNULL((select min(`ck_offers`.`price`) from (ck_offers join ck_offers_products) where ((`ck_offers_products`.`product_id` = `Product`.`id`) and (`ck_offers_products`.`offer_id` = `ck_offers`.`id`) and (`ck_offers`.`start_date` <= now()) and (`ck_offers`.`end_date` >= now()))),`Product`.`price`),`Product`.`price`)) AS `Product__price`, (CONCAT(`Product`.`name`, ' (£', `Product`.`price`,')')) AS `Product__detail_name` FROM `ck_products` AS `Product` WHERE `Product`.`region_id` IN (905, 899, 900, 904, 901, 902, 903, 42, 144, 86, 152, 56, 132, 134, 57, 81, 148, 1, 156, 90, 91, 4, 5, 6, 78, 7, 31, 93, 94, 32, 73, 63, 13, 37, 95, 96, 14, 70, 35, 21, 36, 24, 25, 26, 60, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 79, 43, 44, 67, 77, 84, 52, 53, 105, 135, 45, 106, 153, 47, 140, 68, 141, 111, 48, 65, 69, 113, 143, 145, 40, 83, 62, 41, 58, 114, 115, 59, 116, 49, 118, 119, 136, 120, 38, 64, 39, 121, 87, 50, 51, 71, 27, 28, 154, 150, 29, 129, 80, 155, 30, 151, 61, 122, 123, 138, 124, 125, 137, 126, 127, 85, 128, 139, 149) 1026102636
28SELECT `Region`.`id`, `Region`.`name`, `Region`.`parent_id`, `Region`.`lft`, `Region`.`rght`, `Region`.`order`, `Region`.`slug`, `Region`.`meta_title`, `Region`.`meta_description`, `Region`.`meta_keywords`, `Region`.`status`, `Region`.`created`, `Region`.`modified` FROM `ck_regions` AS `Region` WHERE `Region`.`status` = 'active' AND NOT (`Region`.`slug` = '') ORDER BY `Region`.`order` ASC 1211211
29SELECT `Style`.`slug`, `Style`.`name` FROM `ck_styles` AS `Style` WHERE 1 = 1 880
30SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_right_banners`773
31SELECT `RightBanner`.`id`, `RightBanner`.`name`, `RightBanner`.`image_id`, `RightBanner`.`url`, `RightBanner`.`status`, `RightBanner`.`created`, `RightBanner`.`modified`, `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`gallery_order`, `Image`.`title`, `Image`.`file`, `Image`.`dir`, `Image`.`mimetype`, `Image`.`filesize`, `Image`.`created`, `Image`.`modified` FROM `ck_right_banners` AS `RightBanner` LEFT JOIN `ck_images` AS `Image` ON (`RightBanner`.`image_id` = `Image`.`id`) WHERE `RightBanner`.`status` = 'active' 440
32SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_right_links`664
33SELECT `RightLink`.`id`, `RightLink`.`name`, `RightLink`.`url`, `RightLink`.`status`, `RightLink`.`created`, `RightLink`.`modified` FROM `ck_right_links` AS `RightLink` WHERE `RightLink`.`status` = 'active' 220
34SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `ck_settings`443
35SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `ck_settings` AS `Setting` WHERE `Setting`.`key` = 'meta_keywords' LIMIT 1110
36SELECT `User`.`id`, `User`.`role`, `User`.`contact_id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`status`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`login_count`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `Contact`.`id`, `Contact`.`first_name`, `Contact`.`surname`, `Contact`.`email`, `Contact`.`website`, `Contact`.`address_1`, `Contact`.`address_2`, `Contact`.`city`, `Contact`.`postcode`, `Contact`.`country_code`, `Contact`.`telephone`, `Contact`.`organisation`, `Contact`.`created`, `Contact`.`modified`, (CONCAT(`Contact`.`first_name`,' ',`Contact`.`surname`)) AS `Contact__name` FROM `ck_users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `ck_contacts` AS `Contact` ON (`User`.`contact_id` = `Contact`.`id`) WHERE `User`.`id` IS NULL LIMIT 1000
37SELECT `Contact`.`id`, `Contact`.`first_name`, `Contact`.`surname`, `Contact`.`email`, `Contact`.`website`, `Contact`.`address_1`, `Contact`.`address_2`, `Contact`.`city`, `Contact`.`postcode`, `Contact`.`country_code`, `Contact`.`telephone`, `Contact`.`organisation`, `Contact`.`created`, `Contact`.`modified`, (CONCAT(`Contact`.`first_name`,' ',`Contact`.`surname`)) AS `Contact__name` FROM `ck_contacts` AS `Contact` WHERE `Contact`.`id` IS NULL LIMIT 1000